Neurology deals with the diagnosis and treatment of all conditions and diseases involving the central and peripheral nervous system.
Neurological diseases are diagnosed with a detailed history taking, thorough neurological and physical examination, and appropriate investigations.
Neurological conditions are different from psychiatric illnesses. The former involves parts of the nervous system while as the latter involves mental health conditions that affect the mood, thinking and behaviour.
Neurosurgery is the surgical specialisation that deals with diseases of the brain, nerves and spinal cord.
Conditions that may require neurosurgery include skull fracture, and brain haemorrhage caused by trauma. Brain tumours and tumours of the spine, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves may also require surgical excision by neurosurgeons.