Neurology is a medical subspecialty that focuses on the study and treatment of disorders of the nervous system. It is a complex and sophisticated system that regulates bodily functions.
The two major divisions are:
A neurologist is a doctor who specialises in neurology. As neurologists do not perform surgery, patients are usually referred to a neurosurgeon if a patient requires surgery.
The most common neurological conditions include:
Following are some common neurological symptoms:
* Please note that symptoms may differ from person to person, and a proper evaluation by a doctor is needed to accurately determine the cause of any symptoms.
Diagnosis is made based on various investigations. Your doctor will first evaluate your medical history and symptoms before conducting a physical examination.
This is a detailed account of a patient’s past and present health and medical history. This includes the patient’s family medical history. This comprehensive information is valuable in helping the doctor make an accurate diagnosis.
This examination is an evaluation of the physical body to provide insight into the patient's general health.
Evaluates motor and sensory abilities, coordination, balance, vision, hearing and speech. It may also assess mood, behaviour, and mental status. Examining instruments include a tuning fork, flashlight, reflex hammer, and an instrument for eye examination.
A CT scan creates detailed images of the inside of your body using X-rays and a computer. It can aid in diagnosing bone and vascular irregularities, brain tumours and cysts, brain damage due to head injury or hydrocephalus and brain haemorrhage.
This diagnostic test uses strong magnetic fields and radio waves to produce high-resolution images inside the body. A contrast dye may be injected into the vein to increase the visibility of certain parts of the brain.
This is a test that involves the injection of dye into veins or arteries in order to detect narrowing or blockage. It can also help to determine the size and location of a brain aneurysm or vascular malformation.
A small tissue sample of the brain, muscle or nerve may be removed and sent to the laboratory to be examined.
Other diagnostic tests include:
The treatment options differ according to the types and severity of the conditions. Treatments options include:
Speak to your doctor if you or your loved ones have a neurological condition. The caring team of healthcare professionals are available for consultation and to provide the best care. Get in touch with us to book an appointment today. We assure you the best possible care tailored to your specific needs.