Common Accidents That Happen to Children

Childhood is a time of exploration, curiosity, and boundless energy, but it is also a phase when accidents can happen more frequently.

As parents and caregivers, understanding common childhood accidents that can occur during your child’s growing years is crucial for keeping them safe.

Bumps and bruises

Minor cuts, bumps and bruises are a normal part of growing up. Allowing your child to explore the world around them (with supervision) helps them to develop and learn.

If your child has unexplained bruising or injury, you need to find out how the injury has happened.

When to seek medical attention:

  • Your child vomits persistently.
  • Your child complains it hurts.
  • Your child is not responding at all.

One of the signs of a severe head injury is being unusually sleepy.

Burns and scalds

A burn is damage to the skin, which is caused by direct contact with something hot. Burns can also be caused by certain chemicals, electricity, and friction.

A scald is a burn that is caused by a hot liquid or steam. Scalds are treated the same way as burns.

Treat any burn or scald straight away but always take your child to hospital for anything more than a very small burn or scald. A baby’s skin is very delicate and can be scarred without the right treatment.


Children often put objects in their mouths. Some small objects, such as marbles, beads and button batteries are just the right size to get stuck in a child’s airway and cause choking. Always keep small objects like these out of your child’s reach.

Tips on helping a choking child:

  • If you can see the object, try to remove it. Do not poke blindly with your fingers. You could make things worse by pushing the object down.
  • If your child is coughing loudly, encourage them to carry on coughing and do not leave them.
  • If your child’s coughing is silent or they cannot breathe in properly, shout for help immediately and check whether they are still conscious.


Children can often cut themselves while playing with sharp-edged things, indoors or outdoors. Most small cuts heal up themselves with home first-aid. However, serious lacerations may need immediate medical attention.

When to seek medical attention:

  • If your child is bleeding heavily.
  • If bleeding does not stop after 10 minutes.
  • When the cut is deeper or longer than ½ inch.
  • When the cut is embedded with gravel or dirt.
  • When the cut is caused by a rusty object.
  • When the cut is located on the child’s face or close to the eyes.
  • When the cut shows signs of infection.

Bites and stings

Most bites and stings are minor and may not require immediate medical help. However, emergency paediatric help is required if:

  • The wound is bleeding heavily.
  • The child shows any signs of allergy like heavy breathing, swelling of any body part, skin colour changes, etc.
  • The wound shows signs of infection.
  • The bite is caused by a wild animal.
  • The bite is known to be from venomous animals like snakes or spiders.

Book an appointment at Pantai Hospitals

If you want to be sure of your child’s condition, do make an appointment with a Paediatrician at Pantai Hospital or head straight to the nearest Pantai Hospital Accident and Emergency (A&E) department for immediate medical attention.

Remember, every second counts in emergency situations! The team of skilled emergency physicians, nurses, and support staff is available 24/7 to provide immediate care and support.

Pantai Hospital has been accredited by the Malaysian Society for Quality in Health (MSQH) for its commitment to patient safety and service quality.

Thank you for your patience