COVID-19 vaccines are administered as injections into the upper arm muscle or thigh of young children. The ingredients in these vaccines are generally considered safe for most individuals and closely resemble common food components such as fats, sugar, and salts. Importantly, none of the COVID-19 vaccines impact or interact with our DNA.
Notably, the vaccines do not contain:
After the immune response is generated, the body naturally eliminates all vaccine ingredients, mirroring the normal process of discarding substances no longer needed by cells.
Studies have shown that getting vaccinated against COVID-19 can lower your risk of getting and spreading the virus that causes COVID-19. Vaccines also help reduce the risk of severe illnesses and deaths from COVID-19 infections among fully vaccinated people. Getting sick with COVID-19 can cause serious health consequences, even in children.
Therefore, do ensure that you and your family are fully vaccinated. Take your booster doses when you are eligible.
If you are COVID-19 positive, you should start self-isolating at home with digital Home Surveillance Order (HSO) for five (5) days from the date of onset of symptoms. The Home Surveillance Order (HSO) will be available via the MySejahtera application. Remember to update and complete the Home Assessment Tool (HAT) in the MySejahtera application as well.
To obtain the HSO digital certificate, you must report all COVID-19 screening test results including RTK-Ag self-tests in your MySejahtera application.
The duration of HSO is counted from the date of symptom onset. Here is an example: If you start to experience COVID-19 symptoms on 1 January but the result of the COVID-19 test is only positive on 3 January, the duration of HSO is 1-5 January 2024 (for 5 days).
Upon completing the isolation period, you can resume daily activities. However, you should practice the following preventive measures until the 10th day to avoid the risk of spreading COVID-19 infection to others.
It is not necessary to repeat COVID-19 screening tests including self-test after completing the isolation period. Remember to continue practicing the preventive measures as mentioned above to reduce the risk spreading COVID-19 infection to others.
If your symptoms persist after completing the isolation period, you should visit a doctor. At the meantime, please wear a face mask while you are out and about to reduce the risk of transmission of the COVID-19 infection.
If you are experiencing symptoms (symptomatic close contact), you are encouraged to self-isolate and perform RTK-Ag self-test on the first day of symptoms. If the result is negative, repeat self-test on the third day. If the self-test results are negative and symptoms subside, you can resume outdoor activities by practicing preventive measures.However,if the self-test results are positive within the symptom observation period, HSO will be given.
If you do not have symptoms, you can continue with daily activities as usual by practicing preventive measures within five days from the last day of exposure to a positive COVID-19 case.
Individuals from high-risk groups who are COVID-19 positive should go to the nearest healthcare facility immediately even if they only experience mild symptoms. They should undergo a health assessment and be given the antiviral Paxlovid treatment if they meet the criteria. Paxlovid should be initiated within five days of symptoms to alleviate symptoms effectively and prevent the disease from worsening.
It is not mandatory for any individual to get the COVID-19 vaccination. However, the public is encouraged to get the primary doses and the booster dose of the COVID-19 vaccine to reduce the risk of transmission, morbidity, and death especially among high-risk groups.
High-risk groups include the elderly above 60 years old, individuals with co-morbidities, obesity, individuals who are immunocompromised, pregnant mothers, and frontline healthcare workers. These individuals are encouraged to take an additional booster dose after 6-12 months from the last dose.
The current policy in Malaysia for administration of additional booster doses is up to the second booster dose only.
The use of face masks is not mandatory. However, it is highly encouraged for high-risk individuals such as the elderly, individuals with chronic diseases, immunocompromised or pregnant mothers, especially when being in crowded places and where ventilation is poor.
Individuals with symptoms of respiratory illnesses are also highly encouraged to wear face masks to prevent infection to others.
All positive cases of COVID-19 and individuals at healthcare facilities are required to wear face masks.
Wear a face mask in crowded places, practice good cough etiquette, wash hands frequently with soap or use hand sanitizer, practice good hygiene, ensure good ventilation, and get vaccinated.
The SARS-CoV-2 virus is an RNA virus that constantly undergoes mutations. Since early 2022 until now, the dominant variant is Omicron. Various new sub-variants of Omicron such as XBB, BA.4, BA.5, BA1.16 and BA2.86 have been detected, but there have been no changes in the clinical presentation and severity caused.
The Ministry of Health (KKM) has reassured the public that there is no cause for concern if the SARS-CoV-2 virus undergoes minor changes that enhance its transmissibility, as long as these changes do not result in more severe disease.