Cardiology Services in Ampang

Cardiovascular System – The Heart and Blood Vessels

The heart, a vital organ in the cardiovascular and circulatory system, pumps oxygenated blood through blood vessels, delivering oxygen and essential nutrients while removing carbon dioxide and metabolic wastes from the body.

Pantai Hospital Ampang has an experienced and well-rounded team of cardiologists, nurses, technicians, and radiographers to attend to all your heart care needs.

We believe that prevention is better than cure – which is why our services include preventive care, early detection, diagnostics and treatments. Our team is also on 24-hour standby for emergency situations such as patients with acute heart attacks.

In addition, we aim to educate the public and raise awareness on the topics of heart diseases and risk factors. Our goal is not only to provide you with excellent care, but to help you live healthier and better as well. We put our heart into caring for yours.

The Risk Factors of Heart Diseases

Our lifestyle plays a pivotal role in our cardiovascular health. There are non-modifiable risk factors such as family history and genetics – these cannot be changed.

However, there are also many other risk factors which you have control over. These are blood pressure, smoking, cholesterol levels, diabetes, obesity, sedentary lifestyle, stress, and diet.

The more risk factors you have, the higher the chances of having heart disease. Therefore, it is never too late to begin living a healthier lifestyle.

How are Heart Diseases Diagnosed?

  • Blood Test : A blood test studies the levels of cholesterol and enzyme known as troponin. Someone with a healthy heart would have very low and undetectable levels of troponin. If a test were to return positive for it, it is highly likely the individual has suffered a heart attack or injury to the heart.
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG) : This test measures and records the electrical activity generated by your heart. The results will then reflect if there are any cardiac abnormalities.
  • Echocardiogram : Sound waves are used to produce moving images of your heart and its surrounding blood vessels. This allows your cardiologist to observe how your heart functions. It can help to diagnose the damage sustained from a heart attack; heart failure; congenital heart disease; cardiomyopathy; endocarditis; and defective heart valves.
  • Stress Test : You will be required to use a treadmill or if you are unable to due to health problems and restrictions, medication may be given to stress your heart. The objective is to observe how the heart functions and how well it handles strain when a person is active.
  • Cardiac CT : A special type of dye is injected via your arm to visualise your blood vessels on an X-ray. This helps your doctor to detect blockages and measure the amount of calcium in your coronary arteries. The higher the calcium score, the higher the risk of heart disease.

Interventional Cardiology or Cardiac Catheterisation (Cath Lab)

In the event your cardiologist suspects a problem – such as coronary artery disease or defective heart valves – they may refer you to a cardiac catheterisation laboratory to undergo a procedure known as a coronary angiogram or cardiac catheterisation.

It is a procedure that will allow your doctor to evaluate your heart function. Your cardiologist will insert a thin, flexible tube (known as a catheter) into a blood vessel via your arm or leg. The catheter is then guided towards the heart.

A special dye is then injected into the catheter. The dye is visible in X-rays and will show any narrowing or blockages in the coronary arteries. You will be awake during this procedure that usually takes less than an hour. Once completed, the catheter will be removed, and a nurse or technician will apply pressure on the area of insertion for about 20 minutes.

At Pantai Hospital Ampang, we have the latest technology that reduces the radiation emitted during the procedure and is able to enhance image quality. Our cardiac catheterisation laboratory operates 24/7.

Preparing for the Test

Before your cardiac catheterisation, you will be required to undergo several routine tests. These include an electrocardiogram, blood test, and a chest X-ray. Your cardiologist will also provide you with a set of instructions, which you must adhere to strictly to ensure you are properly and safely prepared for your procedure.

After Your Cardiac Catheterisation

Once your test results have been obtained, your cardiologist will discuss them with you. Should there be a problem or cause for concern, your doctor will map out all possible treatments.

Over the course of the next few days, you should avoid heavy lifting and only perform light activities. Do be aware that there may be a small bruise or lump at the insertion site. Rest assured that it should disappear within a few weeks.

What Happens if There is a Narrowing or Blockage in the Arteries?

If the results of your cardiac catheterisation show a blockage or narrowing of the coronary arteries, your cardiologist may decide on a balloon angioplasty or stent procedure.

In a balloon angioplasty procedure, a catheter with a small balloon at its tip is inserted and guided to the blocked site. The balloon tip is then inflated – compressing the plaque against the wall and widening the artery.

Meanwhile, a stent is a small metal mesh-like device. It is placed inside the coronary artery to prevent it from closing up again. Most patients who undergo balloon angioplasty will have a stent implanted at the same time.

Cardiac Rehabilitation

If you have heart disease or have had a heart attack – your doctor may recommend you undergo cardiac rehabilitation.

Cardiac rehab involves exercise counselling and training; education about healthy living; and even counselling to reduce stress levels. It can help you build healthier habits and relieve symptoms such as chest pain.

The goal is to facilitate the healing process and better your heart’s strength and functions. To find out more, speak to the team of cardiologists.

24-Hour Cardiac Services and Emergency Care

Our cardiac catheterisation laboratory is open 24/7 with a full team of cardiologists, nurses, technicians, and radiographers on standby to handle emergency cases – such as patients with acute heart attacks.


Take proactive steps today and schedule an appointment with the team of experienced cardiologists at Pantai Hospital Ampang.
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